Novel Defence Engineering is an engineering start-up with an expertise in optimisation, numerical modelling and survivability technologies; the subject of my PhD at Imperial College, London and past work experience. Work experience covers both blast and impact phenomena, with a focus on experimental work, modelling & optimisation.

NDE has successfully won 2 prior Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (Dstl) contracts as the prime contractor and principal investigator, namely:

NDE is currently seeking other business opportunities.

Work areas

Products for sale

  • Portable blood fridge (Specs: maintain 8 units of blood at 2-8 Celcius, without an external power supply, for up to 5 hours in +53 Celcius heat)
  • Complete shaped charge and explosively formed penetrator kits, with reactive or inert liners (minus the plastic explosive filler and detonators)
  • High performance solid and powder metal composite reactive liners for sale
  • Patented reactive powder metal composite liner design for customisable reactivity
  • Non-ferrous metals (titanium, molybdenum, nickel, tantalum, cobalt, niobium and zirconium) in various forms
  • Alkex Korean Kevlar substitute (about 50% the cost of Du Pont's Kevlar)
  • High purity technical ceramics
  • Rare earth magnets of various forms

Composite / hybrid armour modelling, design & optimisation

  • Optimisation of hybrid composites against low & high velocity impact was the subject of my PhD, "Optimisation of the Impact Response of Composite Structures Using Genetic Algorithms," PhD thesis, Imperial College London (2009). University of London library link
  • Experience modelling carbon & glass fibre reinforced composites, polycarbonate, ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene, aluminium alloys, steel and titanium alloys
  • Modelling via LS Dyna with Lagrangian finite elements (FE) or smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH)
  • Explosive blast events simulated using US Army's Conwep pressure-time history for fast results
  • Minimise a projectile's exit velocity
  • Minimise plate's areal density and/or cost
  • Minimise backface deformation
  • Minimise dynamic acceleration due to blast loads

Peer-reviewed papers:
On the application of genetic algorithms for optimising composites against impact loading
International Journal of Impact Engineering, Volume 35, Issue 11, November 2008, Pages 1293-1302
M. Yong, B.G. Falzon, L. Iannucci
doi:10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2007.10.004 or Download pdf

Efficient modelling and optimisation of hybrid multilayered plates subject to ballistic impact
International Journal of Impact Engineering, Volume 37, Issue 6, June 2010, Pages 605-624
M. Yong, B.G. Falzon, L. Iannucci
doi:10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2009.07.004 or Download pdf

Novel technology development

I am currently looking for sponsors and business partners to develop novel technologies, mostly in the defence realm, some of which are disruptive to the status quo. I am interested in forming long term, mutually beneficial relationships where I conceive the ideas, we develop them together with your funding/facilities and reap the returns together.

Projectile design

  • Maximise exit velocity against a target plate
  • Minimise projectile weight
  • Minimise projectile cost
Optimisation of the projectiles was based on the antagonistic, co-evolutionary relationship between projectiles and armour - a computational replica of what happens in real life. See here for details.


  • Experienced with different optimisation methodologies; primarily with genetic algorithms
  • Optimisation methodology implements migration of high fitness individuals between parallel population demes, encouraging cross-fertilisation of superior features
  • Optimisation can be applied to improve modelling accuracy ("inverse approach") as well as defensive (armour) or offensive (projectiles) capabilities
  • Proven results with mathematical functions, natural frequency tailoring and optimisation of hybrid laminates against low - high velocity impact threats. See my PhD or mouseover the genome.
  • Proven results against blast threats.

Parallel computing

  • Use parallelised commodity desktop PCs in lieu of high end computing hardware to get more bang for the buck
  • Run on a homebuilt "Beowulf" parallel Linux cluster (see picture)
  • Three nodes in background, fourth node in foreground may be used

Main Page | My PhD | Projectile Optimisation | Contact